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Eczema  can be a frustrating skin condition, whether you get it a few times a  year or deal with it every day. It’s important to work closely with your  doctor to make a plan that will help you control the itch and rash.

Eczema treatment has four main goals:

Control the itch.
Heal the skin.
Prevent flares.
Prevent infections.The  right treatment for you depends on your age, medical history, how bad  your symptoms are, and other things. You’ll probably need to use a mix  of remedies to get the best results. And there are things you should do  on your own to keep your skin healthy and clear.

Medications by Doctors for Eczema treatment

Eczema meds  can relieve your symptoms and help the skin heal when you take them as  directed. The treatments may not have the same effects on everyone,  though. So you and your doctor may need to try a few different options  to see what works best for you.

Corticosteroid creams, solutions, foams, and ointments :-  These treatments made with hydrocortisone steroids can quickly relieve  itching and reduce inflammation. They come in different strengths, from  mild over-the-counter (OTC) treatments to stronger prescription  medicines.

OTC hydrocortisone:- OTC hydrocortisone is  often the first thing doctors recommend to treat mild eczema. You may  need different strengths of these steroids depending on where and how  bad your rash is. For example, a doctor may prescribe a more potent one  for thick, scaly skin. Side effects from these meds, such as thinning  skin and stretch marks, are rare when you take them as directed.

NSAID ointment:- There  is now a new prescription non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory called  crisaborole (Eucrisa) which can be used to treat mild to moderate forms  of eczema. A twice a day application for patients 2 years old and older  has been effective in reducing inflammation and helping the skin return  to a normal appearance.

Barrier repair moisturizers:-You  can get these over the counter and by prescription. They help lock  water into your skin, repair damage, and ease dryness, redness, and  itching. Some products may have irritating fragrances or other  ingredients, so ask your doctor or pharmacist which ones you should try  or avoid.

Pimecrolimus and tacrolimus:- medicines  you rub on your skin, treat moderate-to-severe eczema for some people.  They ease inflammation, but they aren’t steroids. They may increase the  risk of skin cancer and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, so the FDA issued a  special warning for them. Talk to your doctor about these risks before  you take the drugs.

Corticosteroid pills, liquids, or shots:- These powerful drugs help relieve symptoms of severe or hard-to-treat eczema. Because of the risk for side effects such as skin damage and bone loss, you should take them only for a short time.

Antibiotics:- Scratching  damages your skin, which allows bacteria to get under it and cause an  infection. These medicines treat bacterial skin infections.

Home Remedies for eczema treat at Home

 

When  you keep your skin healthy, you can prevent dryness, itching, redness,  and maybe lessen the need for medication. Plus, it feels good to pamper  yourself. Here few tips what works for eczema,Try these tips:

1. Bathe only in warm water:-Hot  water dries out skin. Wash with a gentle cleanser instead of soap.  Don’t use body scrubbers or washcloths, which can be irritating. Pat dry  with a soft towel instead of rubbing, and be sure to leave your skin  damp.

2. Apply moisturizers daily:-  Do it right after you bathe or wash your hands. Choose fragrance-free  moisturizers that won’t irritate you. Try using a thicker skin cream or  ointment that has more oil at night, and wear cotton gloves or socks to  lock in moisture. Gloves can also keep you from scratching in your  sleep.

3. Avoid too much bathing:- and hand washing. It will dry out your skin. Steer clear of alcohol-based hand cleaners, too.

4. Limit your contact with skin irritants:- Household  cleaners, laundry detergents, perfumed soaps, bubble baths, cosmetics,  and many other things can make eczema worse. Learn what irritates your  skin so you can avoid it.

5. Choose cotton clothes:- That  fit comfortably. Wool and synthetic fibers can be irritating. Also, be  sure to wash new clothes before you wear them for the first time. Use  fragrance-free laundry soap, and rinse your laundry thoroughly.

6. Avoid getting overheated:- When you’re hot and sweaty, it can trigger itching and scratching. After a workout, rinse off right away in a warm shower.

 Ease Stress:- It can be hard to find time to relax, but lowering your stress level will help you avoid symptoms of eczema flare-ups.

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